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UN declared Africa free of the wild polio virus; then Polio vaccine brought Polio back, Digest from Peter Myers

(1) Japan Leads the Way: No mandatory Vaccines, No MMR(2) UN admits Gates-funded Vaccine is causing Polio outbreak in Africa (India & Pakistan too)(3) UN declared Africa free of the wild polio virus; then Polio vaccine brought Polio back(4) WHO admits vaccine-derived Poliovirus spreading in Africa(5) Sweden Spared Surge as SARS-CoV-2 Infections Stay Low(6) China preparing Covid Nasal Spray vaccine(1) Japan Leads the Way: No mandatory Vaccines, No MMR 23, 2019Japan Leads the Way: No Vaccine Mandates and No MMR Vaccine = Healthier ChildrenThe Promise of Good Health; Are We Jumping Off the Cliff in the U.S.?By Kristina Kristen, Guest WriterIn the United States, many legislators and public health officials are busy trying to make vaccines de facto compulsory—either by removing parental/personal choice given by existing vaccine exemptions or by imposing undue quarantines and fines on those who do not comply with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) vaccine edicts. Officials in California are seeking to override medical opinion about fitness for vaccination, while those in New York are mandating the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine for 6-12-month-old infants for whom its safety and effectiveness "have not been established."The U.S. has the very highest infant mortality rate of all industrialized countries, with more American children dying at birth and in their first year than in any other comparable nation—and more than half of those who survive develop at least one chronic illness. American children would be better served if these officials—before imposing questionable and draconian measures—studied child health outcomes in Japan. With a population of 127 million, Japan has the healthiest children and the very highest "healthy life expectancy" in the world—and the least vaccinated children of any developed country. The U.S., in contrast, has the developed world’s most aggressive vaccination schedule in number and timing, starting at pregnancy, at birth and in the first two years of life. Does this make U.S. children healthier? The clear answer is no. The U.S. has the very highest infant mortality rate of all industrialized countries, with more American children dying at birth and in their first year than in any other comparable nation—and more than half of those who survive develop at least one chronic illness. Analysis of real-world infant mortality and health results shows that U.S. vaccine policy does not add up to a win for American children.Japan and the U.S.; Two Different Vaccine PoliciesIn 1994, Japan transitioned away from mandated vaccination in public health centers to voluntary vaccination in doctors’ offices, guided by "the concept that it is better that vaccinations are performed by children’s family doctors who are familiar with their health conditions." The country created two categories of non-compulsory vaccines: "routine" vaccines that the government covers and "strongly recommends" but does not mandate, and additional "voluntary" vaccines, generally paid for out-of-pocket. Unlike in the U.S., Japan has no vaccine requirements for children entering preschool or elementary school.Japan also banned the MMR vaccine in the same time frame, due to thousands of serious injuries over a four-year period—producing an injury rate of one in 900 children that was "over 2,000 times higher than the expected rate." It initially offered separate measles and rubella vaccines following its abandonment of the MMR vaccine; Japan now recommends a combined measles-rubella (MR) vaccine for routine use but still shuns the MMR. The mumps vaccine is in the "voluntary" category.Here are key differences between the Japanese and U.S. vaccine programs:Japan has no vaccine mandates, instead recommending vaccines that (as discussed above) are either "routine" (covered by insurance) or "voluntary" (self-pay).Japan does not vaccinate newborns with the hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine, unless the mother is hepatitis B positive.Japan does not vaccinate pregnant mothers with the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine.Japan does not give flu shots to pregnant mothers or to six-month-old infants.Japan does not give the MMR vaccine, instead recommending an MR vaccine.Japan does not require the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine.In contrast, the U.S. vaccine schedule (see Table 1) prescribes routine vaccination during pregnancy, calls for the first HepB vaccine dose within 24 hours of birth—even though 99.9% of pregnant women, upon testing, are hepatitis B negative, and follows up with 20 to 22 vaccine doses in the first year alone. No other developed country administers as many vaccine doses in the first two years of life.The HepB vaccine injects a newborn with a 250-microgram load of aluminum, a neurotoxic and immune-toxic adjuvant used to provoke an immune response. There are no studies to back up the safety of exposing infants to such high levels of the injected metal. In fact, the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) upper limit for aluminum in intravenous (IV) fluids for newborns is far lower at five micrograms per kilogram per day (mcg/kg/day)—and even at these levels, researchers have documented the potential for impaired neurologic development. For an average newborn weighing 7.5 pounds, the HepB vaccine has over 15 times more aluminum than the FDA’s upper limit for IV solutions.Unlike Japan, the U.S. administers flu and Tdap vaccines to pregnant women (during any trimester) and babies receive flu shots at six months of age, continuing every single year thereafter. Manufacturers have never tested the safety of flu shots administered during pregnancy, and the FDA has never formally licensed any vaccines "specifically for use during pregnancy to protect the infant."U.S. vaccine proponents claim the U.S. vaccine schedule is similar to schedules in other developed countries, but this claim is inaccurate upon scrutiny. Most other countries do not recommend vaccination during pregnancy, and very few vaccinate on the first day of life. This is important because the number, type and timing of exposure to vaccines can greatly influence their adverse impact on developing fetuses and newborns, who are particularly vulnerable to toxic exposures and early immune activation. Studies show that activation of pregnant women’s immune systems can cause developmental problems in their offspring. Why are pregnant women in the U.S. advised to protect their developing fetuses by avoiding alcohol and mercury-containing tuna fish, but actively prompted to receive immune-activating Tdap and flu vaccines, which still contain mercury (in multi-dose vials) and other untested substances?Japan initially recommended the HPV vaccine but stopped doing so in 2013 after serious health problems prompted numerous lawsuits. Japanese researchers have since confirmed a temporal relationship between HPV vaccination and recipients’ development of symptoms. U.S. regulators have ignored these and similar reports and not only continue to aggressively promote and even mandate the formerly optional HPV vaccine beginning in preadolescence but are now pushing it in adulthood. The Merck-manufactured HPV vaccine received fast-tracked approval from the FDA despite half of all clinical trial subjects reporting serious medical conditions within seven months.Best and Worst: Two Different Infant Mortality ResultsThe CDC views infant mortality as one of the most important indicators of a society’s overall health. The agency should take note of Japan’s rate, which, at 2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, is the second lowest in the world, second only to the Principality of Monaco. In comparison, almost three times as many American infants die (5.8 per 1,000 live births), despite massive per capita spending on health care for children (see Table 2). U.S. infant mortality ranks behind 55 other countries and is worse than the rate in Latvia, Slovakia or Cuba.To reiterate, the U.S. has the most aggressive vaccine schedule of developed countries (administering the most vaccines the earliest). If vaccines save lives, why are American children "dying at a faster rate, and…dying younger" compared to children in 19 other wealthy countries—translating into a "57 percent greater risk of death before reaching adulthood"? Japanese children, who receive the fewest vaccines—with no government mandates for vaccination—grow up to enjoy "long and vigorous" lives. International infant mortality and health statistics and their correlation to vaccination protocols show results that government and health officials are ignoring at our children’s great peril.Among the 20 countries with the world’s best infant mortality outcomes, only three countries (Hong Kong, Macau and Singapore) automatically administer the HepB vaccine to all newborns—governed by the rationale that hepatitis B infection is highly endemic in these countries. Most of the other 17 top-ranking countries—including Japan—give the HepB vaccine at birth only if the mother is hepatitis B positive (Table 1). The U.S., with its disgraceful #56 infant mortality ranking, gives the HepB vaccine to all four million babies born annually despite a low incidence of hepatitis B.Is the U.S. Sacrificing Children’s Health for Profits? Merck, the MMR vaccine’s manufacturer, is in court over MMR-related fraud. Whistleblowers allege the pharmaceutical giant rigged its efficacy data for the vaccine’s mumps component to ensure its continued market monopoly. The whistleblower evidence has given rise to two separate court cases. In addition, a CDC whistleblower has alleged the MMR vaccine increases autism risks in some children. Others have reported that the potential risk of permanent injury from the MMR vaccine dwarfs the risks of getting measles.Why do the FDA and CDC continue to endorse the problematic MMR vaccine despite Merck’s implication in fraud over the vaccine’s safety and efficacy? Why do U.S. legislators and government officials not demand a better alternative, as Japan did over two decades ago? Why are U.S. cities and states forcing Merck’s MMR vaccine on American children? Is the U.S. government protecting children, or Merck? Why are U.S. officials ignoring Japan’s exemplary model, which proves that the most measured vaccination program in the industrialized world and "first-class sanitation and levels of nutrition" can produce optimal child health outcomes that are leading the world?A central tenet of a free and democratic society is the freedom to make informed decisions about medical interventions that carry serious potential risks. This includes the right to be apprised of benefits and risks—and the ability to say no. The Nuremberg Code of ethics established the necessity of informed consent without "any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, over-reaching, or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion." Forcing the MMR vaccine, or any other vaccine, on those who are uninformed or who do not consent represents nothing less than medical tyranny.(2) UN admits Gates-funded Vaccine is causing Polio outbreak in Africa (India & Pakistan too)Problem is that this Polio vaccine contains live Polio virus - Peter M. Forced to Admit Gates-funded Vaccine is Causing Polio Outbreak in AfricaSEPTEMBER 4, 2020 BY NEWS WIREThis really should be one of the biggest public health scandals of the decade, but instead it’s given little attention – mainly because of the high-profile nature of the people and organisations involved.The United Nations has been forced to admit that a major international vaccine initiative is actually causing a deadly outbreak of the very disease it was supposed to wipe-out.While international organisations like the World Health Organization (WHO) will regularly boast about ‘eradicating polio’ with vaccines—the opposite seems to be the case, with vaccines causing the deaths of scores of young people living in Africa.Health officials have now admitted that their plan to stop ‘wild’ polio is backfiring, as scores children are being paralyzed by a deadly strain of the pathogen derived from a live vaccine – causing a virulent wave of polio to spread.This latest pharma-induced pandemic started out in the African countries of Chad and Sudan, with the culprit identified as vaccine-derived polio virus type 2.Officials now fear this new dangerous strain could soon ‘jump continents,’ causing further deadly outbreaks around the world.Shocking as it sounds, this Big Pharma debacle is not new. After spending some $16 billion over 30 years to eradicate polio, international health bodies have ‘accidentally’ reintroduced the disease to in <> Pakistan, Afghanistan, and also Iran, as the central Asia region was hit by a virulent strain of polio spawned by the a pharmaceutical vaccine. Also, in 2019, the government of Ethiopia <> ordered the destruction of 57,000 vials of type 2 oral polio vaccine (mOPV2) following a similar outbreak of vaccine-induced polio.The same incident has <> happened in India as well.It’s important to note that the oral polio vaccine is being pushed by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), a consortium which is supported and <> funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.All of this should be cause for concern, especially with western governments and transnational pharmaceutical giants all rushing to roll-out their new Gates-funded experimental coronavirus vaccine for the global population.(3) UN declared Africa free of the wild polio virus; then Polio vaccine brought Polio back News reports…LONDON (AP) — The World Health Organization says a new polio outbreak in Sudan is linked to an ongoing vaccine-sparked epidemic in Chad — a week after the U.N. health agency declared the African continent free of the wild polio virus.In a <> statement this week, WHO said two children in Sudan — one from South Darfur state and the other from Gedarif state, close to the border with Ethiopia and Eritrea — were paralyzed in March and April. Both had been recently vaccinated against polio. WHO said initial outbreak investigations show the cases are linked to an ongoing vaccine-derived outbreak in Chad that was first detected last year and is now spreading in Chad and Cameroon."There is local circulation in Sudan and continued sharing of transmission with Chad," the U.N. agency said, adding that genetic sequencing confirmed numerous introductions of the virus into Sudan from Chad.WHO said it had found 11 additional vaccine-derived polio cases in Sudan and that the virus had also been identified in environmental samples. There are typically many more unreported cases for every confirmed polio patient. The highly infectious disease can spread quickly in contaminated water and most often strikes children under 5.In rare instances, the live polio virus in the oral vaccine can mutate into a form capable of sparking new outbreaks.Last week, WHO and partners <> declared that the African continent was free of the wild polio virus, calling it "an incredible and emotional day."On Monday, WHO warned that the risk of further spread of the vaccine-derived polio across central Africa and the Horn of Africa was "high," noting the large-scale population movements in the region.More than a dozen African countries are currently battling outbreaks of polio caused by the virus, including Angola, Congo, Nigeria and Zambia.Amid the coronavirus pandemic, many of the large-scale vaccination campaigns needed to stamp out polio have been disrupted across Africa and elsewhere, leaving millions of children vulnerable to infection.In April, WHO and its partners reluctantly recommended a temporary halt to mass polio immunization campaigns, recognizing the move could lead to a resurgence of the disease. In May, they reported that 46 campaigns to vaccinate children against polio had been suspended in 38 countries, mostly in Africa, because of the coronavirus pandemic.Some of the campaigns have recently been re-started, but health workers need to vaccinate more than 90% of children in their efforts to eradicate the paralytic disease.Health officials had initially aimed to wipe out polio by 2000, a deadline repeatedly pushed back and missed. Wild polio remains endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan; both countries also are struggling to contain outbreaks of vaccine-derived polio.(4) WHO admits vaccine-derived Poliovirus spreading in Africa vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Sudan1 September 2020On 9 August 2020, the Federal Ministry of Health, Sudan notified WHO of the detection of a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) in the country.According to the notification, the virus is genetically-linked with Chad (sequencing results showed 12 to 19 nucleotide changes). Two Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) cases were notified. The first case, a child of 48 months, had onset of paralysis on 7 March 2020 and was from Sulbi city of Kas locality in South Darfur state. The state is in the west of the country, bordering Central African Republic, South Sudan and close to the border with Chad. The second case, a child of 36 months, had onset of paralysis on 1 April 2020 and was from Shari city of AI Gedarif locality in Gedarif state in the east, close to the border with Eritrea and Ethiopia. Both children received the their last bOPV ( type 1 & 3) dose in 2019. Initial investigation indicates these cases are linked to cVDPV2s from the CHA-NDJ-1 emergence group which was first detected in October 2019 and is currently circulating in Chad and Cameroon.Eleven additional suspected cases have also been confirmed as cVDPV2 and field investigation reports are being consolidated. These cases are in the following states – Red Sea, West Darfur, East Darfur, White Nile, River Nile and Gezira. Hence, between 9 August and 26 August 2020, there have been a total of 13 cVDPV2 cases reported. Additionally, three cVDPV2-positive environmental samples from Soba, Elgoz and Hawasha sites from Khartoum were detected (samples collected on 29 March 2020).Sequencing of viruses isolated in Sudan so far reflects that the viruses are related with viruses reported earlier in neighboring Chad from where there were multiple separate introductions into Sudan from Chad. There is local circulation in Sudan and continued sharing of transmission with Chad.Public health responseFollowing the detection of cVDPV2 in the country, the following response activities are being planned and/or implemented:The Acting Federal Minister of Health declared a cVDPV2 outbreak in Sudan to the Cabinet within eight hours on Day Zero of outbreak (9 August 2020);The Ministry of Health, supported by Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) partners, implemented a full field investigation, and started implementation of polio outbreak preparedness and response plan from Day Zero;A national task force for outbreak response with representation from WHO and UNICEF has been established, Federal Epidemiological Team finalized Terms of Reference and composition of National Technical Committee for cVDPV2 outbreak control and convened first meeting on 9 August 2020;Undersecretary of Health is chairing the steering committee for outbreak response, and the first meeting was convened on 9 August 2020;Federal Epidemiological Team advised state epidemiological managers of South Darfur and Al Gedarif and other states with cases to activate the state’s emergency committee and start implementation of polio outbreak preparedness and response plan;Response is coordinated with other departments such as health promotion and health emergencies; and cross-border coordination with neighbouring countries is being initiated.WHO risk assessmentWHO assesses the risk of further international spread of cVDPV2 across central Africa and the Horn of Africa to be high. With large-scale population movements with other areas of central Africa and the Horn of Africa. A more thorough region-wide risk assessment is being conducted by the polio program. Across the African continent, 172 type 2 cases in 14 countries have been reported in 2020.WHO adviceIt is important that all countries, in particular those with frequent travel and contacts with polio-affected countries and areas, strengthen surveillance for Acuter Flaccid Paralysis in order to rapidly detect any new virus importation and to facilitate a rapid response. Countries, territories and areas should also maintain uniformly high routine immunization coverage at the district level to minimize the consequences of any new virus introduction.WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travelers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from polio-affected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.As per the advice of an Emergency Committee convened under the International Health Regulations (2005), efforts to limit the international spread of poliovirus remains a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Countries affected by poliovirus transmission are subject to Temporary Recommendations. To comply with the Temporary Recommendations issued under the PHEIC, any country infected by poliovirus should declare the outbreak as a national public health emergency and consider vaccination of all international travelers who live or visited the country for four weeks or longer. Countries infected by cVDPV2 should encourage residents and long-term visitors to receive a dose of IPV four weeks to 12 months prior to international travel.For more information:<> Global Polio Eradication Initiative<> WHO/UNICEF estimates of national routine immunization<> Global Polio Eradication Initiative Polio free countries<> GPEI Public health emergency status<> International travel and health<> Vaccine-derived polioviruses<> Standard operating procedures - responding to a poliovirus event or outbreak(5) Sweden Spared Surge as SARS-CoV-2 Infections Stay Low Dr. Joseph MercolaOctober 01, 2020While health experts in the U.S. and many other countries are warning of a second wave of COVID-19 as we move into fall and winter, Sweden does not expect a reemergence of widespread contagion as herd immunity appears to have been establishedRather than locking down the whole country, Sweden only temporarily closed high schools and colleges, banned gatherings of more than 50 people and asked seniors over the age of 70 to self-isolate. Anders Tegnell, the chief epidemiologist in charge of Sweden’s coronavirus response says the primary goal has been to slow the spread to avoid overwhelming medical servicesAs of mid-September 2020, Sweden’s infection rate had reached an all-time low and COVID-19 related deaths were at zero; 22 of 31 European countries, most of which enacted strict lockdowns, had higher infection ratesAs a result of their sensible approach to the pandemic, Sweden has also largely escaped the financial ruin and skyrocketing mental health problems experienced in other areas, including the U.S. ==While health experts in the U.S. and many other countries are warning of a second wave of COVID-19 as we move into fall and winter, one nation that does not appear to worry about a resurgence of people testing positive for the virus and/or hospitalizations and deaths attributable to COVID-19 is Sweden.Anders Tegnell, the chief epidemiologist in charge of Sweden's coronavirus response, has stated1 he does not believe Sweden will see a second wave with widespread contagion as the country is seeing a rapid decline in positive tests, indicating herd immunity has been achieved.2Sweden's Trajectory Shows How Unnecessary Lockdowns AreSweden, one of the few countries that did not shut down schools and businesses or mandate strict social distancing or mask wearing rules, choosing the route of natural herd immunity development instead, has been sharply criticized by many over the past several months.Rather than locking down the whole country, Sweden only temporarily closed high schools and colleges, banned gatherings of more than 50 people and asked seniors over the age of 70 to self-isolate. All others were simply asked to respect physical distancing recommendations, and to work from home whenever possible.Tegnell told The Guardian3 that the primary goal has been to slow the spread to avoid overwhelming medical services. As you may recall, this was the original plan just about everywhere. The difference is, Sweden actually stuck to the original goal, whereas other nations have twisted response plans to, apparently, prevent infection transmission altogether, even among those for whom the risk of such an infection is vanishingly minor.At this point, Sweden is proving to be a valuable test case, demonstrating just how ineffective and unnecessary the global shutdowns have been. Countries that enacted draconian freedom-restrictions are faring no better than Sweden, which allowed its citizenry to largely go about their business as usual. As noted by the National Review back in April 2020:4"In theory, less physical interaction might slow the rate of new infections. But without a good understanding of how long COVID-19 viral particles survive in air, in water, and on contact surfaces, even that is speculative ...It is possible that the fastest and safest way to 'flatten the curve' is to allow young people to mix normally while requiring only the frail and sick to remain isolated.This is, in fact, the first time we have quarantined healthy people rather than quarantining the sick and vulnerable. As Fredrik Erixon, the director of the European Centre for International Political Economy in Brussels, wrote5 in The Spectator (U.K.) last week:'The theory of lockdown, after all, is pretty niche, deeply illiberal — and, until now, untested. It's not Sweden that's conducting a mass experiment. It's everyone else.'"UK Enacts New Restrictions in Face of Mounting 'Cases' Despite Sweden's tactical success, many countries are continuing to enforce and even enact new lockdown restrictions due to new upticks in positive tests. For example, September 22, 2020, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced6 new restrictions, which he predicts may remain in place for the next six months, warning that if Britons fail to follow the rules, they may be looking at a second lockdown.This, even though there's no concomitant rise in hospitalizations or deaths. The vast majority of people testing positive at this point remain asymptomatic.Johnson's announcement came on the heels of dire — and completely implausible — predictions by professor Chris Whitty and Sir Patrick Vallance, whose models predict the U.K. may be looking at 50,000 new "cases" (i.e., positive tests) per day by mid-October unless new restrictions are put into place.In the video below, journalist Ben Swann reviews why such predictions are likely to be a gross overestimation, and one that is unlikely to result in a dramatic increase in hospitalizations or deaths.References1 Metro August 24, 2020 2 The Sun August 24, 2020 3, 6 The Guardian September 22, 2020 4, 10 National Review April 6, 2020 5 The Spectator April 1, 2020 7, 9 The Guardian September 16, 2020 8 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control 10 National Review April 6, 2020 11 Daily Mail April 4, 2020 12 Wall Street Journal September 20, 2020 (Archived) 13 The Atlantic May 26, 2020 14 Harvard Gazette June 29, 2020 15 July 1, 2020 16 American Institute of Economic Research April 24, 2020 17 The Times of Israel April 19, 2020(6) China preparing Covid Nasal Spray vaccine at: 7:00, September 16, 2020by Luis R. MirandaChina is experimenting with a nasal spray vaccine that can be delivered without an injection.A new Chinese vaccine is ready to begin its clinical trials. Its peculiarity lies in its mode of administration: a nasal spray instead of an injection, which makes it super easy to deploy.This project is the result of a collaboration between the University of Hong Kong and the University of Xiamen, together with the pharmaceutical company Beijing Wantai. The tests will take place in November in the autonomous territory, where the recruitment of a hundred volunteers has already started.Its formula is based on attenuated common flu viruses endowed with genetic protein segments from SARS-CoV-2, according to Science and Technology Daily, an official publication of the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology.Based on this information, previous studies in mice and hamsters show that the solution significantly reduces lung damage caused by COVID-19. What is not clear yet are the side effects the vaccine may cause as well as the potential for this vaccine to be used in mass amounts, since it can be deployed in a spray form. Could it eventually be used to mass vaccinate whole populations inadvertently?Although it is not the most common method, the nasal spray has already been used before to prevent the flu. Yuen Kwok-yung, a microbiologist at the University of Hong Kong, explained in statements to the continental tabloid Global Times that this procedure reproduces the path of viruses when accessing the body.By staying longer in the respiratory tract, the compound is expected to be effective in activating the immune response and preventing infection.This new vaccine is the 10th Chinese project to reach the clinical trial phase. All of them are being carried out abroad –in countries such as Argentina, Peru, Morocco, Bahrain or the United Arab Emirates–, since the Asian giant says it does not have enough infected in their country to carry them out.According to its always dubious official figures, China has not registered locally transmitted infections since last August 16 and only 403 cases remain active (0.4%) of the 90,623 registered to date.This new advance also means that of the five lines of research underway, at least one prototype has been completed. In addition to the nasal spray, the other four techniques use inactivated compounds, viral vector, DNA and an RNA messenger, one of the most controversial forms of delivery since it threatens to modify humans from the inside out.Forecasts indicate that the inactivated vaccine from the Chinese National Pharmaceutical Group (Sinopharm) will be the first to reach the commercialization phase.In mid-August, its manager announced that it would be available "probably in December" and at an estimated price of 120 euros.Another advanced project is the one developed by the Military Academy of Medical Sciences and the biotechnology company CanSino, which also last month received the first official patent. However, the country’s authorities have not waited for the vaccines to conclude their clinical trials to begin their application.Two weeks ago, China acknowledged that it had vaccinated "its essential civilian workers" for more than a month. The number of people inoculated is unknown, as well as the compound used.Worldwide, 35 other projects are conducting clinical trials in an increasingly frantic race. The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, has criticized in recent days the competitive nature of some investigations."We must overcome, and this is related to the possible lack of funding, the worrying trend of numerous parallel initiatives and efforts focused at the national level, which not only undermines an effective global response but will be counterproductive," said the Portuguese.During a virtual meeting with the World Health Organization (WHO) held last May, Chinese leader, Xi Jinping assured that the Chinese vaccine would be "a global public good" once it is finished, anticipating his will to share it.China has already promised priority access to nearby countries such as Russia, Brazil, the Philippines and Indonesia; as well as the nations of the Mekong River Basin – Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Myanmar.